Open Access Nano Express

Luminescence nanothermometry with alkyl-capped silicon nanoparticles dispersed in nonpolar liquids

Hamza Hajjaji1*, Sergey Alekseev2, Gérard Guillot1, Nicholas P Blanchard3, Virginie Monnier4, Yann Chevolot4, Georges Brémond1, Michel Querry5, David Philippon5, Philippe Vergne5 and Jean Marie Bluet1*

Author Affiliations

1 Université de Lyon, CNRS, UMR 5270, INSA-Lyon, INL, Villeurbanne 69621, France

2 Chemistry Faculty, Kiev National Taras Shevchenko University, Kiev 01601, Ukraine

3 Université de Lyon, CNRS, UMR 5306, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1, ILM, Villeurbanne 69622, France

4 Université de Lyon, CNRS, UMR 5270, EC-Lyon, INL, Ecully 69134, France

5 Université de Lyon, CNRS, UMR5259, INSA-Lyon, LaMCoS, Villeurbanne 69621, France

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:94  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-94

Published: 24 February 2014

Abstract

Silicon nanoparticles (Si NPs) with a diameter size ranging from 4 to 8 nm were successfully fabricated. They exhibit a visible photoluminescence (PL) due to the quantum confinement effect. Chemical functionalization of these Si NPs with alkyl groups allowed to homogeneously disperse them in nonpolar liquids (NPLs). In comparison to most of literature results for Si NPs, an important PL peak position variation with temperature (almost 1 meV/K) was obtained from 303 to 390 K. The influence of the liquid viscosity on the peak positions is also presented. These variations are discussed considering energy transfer between nanoparticles. The high PL thermal sensitivity of the alkyl-capped Si NPs paves the way for their future application as nanothermometers.

Keywords:
Silicon nanoparticles; Photoluminescence; Functionalization; Low-polarity liquids; Temperature sensing