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Open Access Nano Express

Fabrication of cubic PtCu nanocages and their enhanced electrocatalytic activity towards hydrogen peroxide

Liangliang Tian1, Xiaohui Zhong1, Wanping Hu1, Bitao Liu1* and Yunfeng Li2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Research Center for Materials Interdisciplinary Science, Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences, Chongqing 402160, China

2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:68  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-68

Published: 10 February 2014

Abstract

Cubic PtCu nanocages (NCs) were successfully synthesized through a redox reaction using cuprous oxide (Cu2O) as a sacrificial template and reducing agent. The porous PtCu NCs were composed of amounts of PtCu nanograins with an average particle size of 2.9 nm. The electrocatalytic performance of the PtCu NC electrode towards H2O2 was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry. The prepared PtCu NC electrode exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity towards H2O2, with a wide liner range from 5 μM to 22.25 mM, a relatively high sensitivity of 295.3 μA mM-1 cm-2, and a low detection limit of 5 μM (S/N = 3). The hollow porous nanostructure has potential applications in biosensors.

Keywords:
Hydrogen peroxide; PtCu nanocage; Biosensor