Photocurrent response and semiconductor characteristics of Ce-Ce2O3-CeO2-modified TiO2 nanotube arrays
School of Environment Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Yonghua North Street 619#, Baoding 071003, China
Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:67 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-67Published: 10 February 2014
We reported Ce and its oxide-modified TiO2 nanotube arrays (TNTs) and their semiconductor properties. The TNTs were prepared by anodic oxidation on pure Ti and investigated by electrochemical photocurrent response analysis. Then, the TNT electrodes were deposited of Ce by cathodic reduction of Ce(NO3)3 6H2O. After deposition, the TNT electrodes were fabricated by anodic oxidation at E = 1.0 V(SCE) for various electricity as Ce-Ce2O3-CeO2 modification. The Ce-deposited TNTs (band gap energy Eg = 2.92 eV) exhibited enhanced photocurrent responses under visible light region and indicated more negative flat band potential (Efb) compared with the TNTs without deposition. After anodic oxidation, the mixed Ce and its oxide (Ce2O3-CeO2)-modified TNT photoelectrodes exhibited higher photocurrent responses under both visible and UV light regions than the TNTs without deposition. The photocurrent responses and Efb were found to be strongly dependent on the contents of Ce2O3 and CeO2 deposited on TNTs. A new characteristic of Eg = 2.1 ± 0.1 eV was investigated in the Ce2O3- and CeO2-modified photoelectrodes. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were also employed to characterize various modified TNTs photoelectrodes.