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Open Access Nano Express

Glucomannan-mediated facile synthesis of gold nanoparticles for catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol

Zhao Gao1, Rongxin Su13*, Renliang Huang2, Wei Qi13 and Zhimin He1

Author Affiliations

1 State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, People’s Republic of China

2 School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, People’s Republic of China

3 Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), Tianjin 300072, People’s Republic of China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:404  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-404

Published: 20 August 2014

Abstract

A facile one-pot approach for synthesis of gold nanoparticles with narrow size distribution and good stability was presented by reducing chloroauric acid with a polysaccharide, konjac glucomannan (KGM) in alkaline solution, which is green and economically viable. Here, KGM served both as reducing agent and stabilizer. The effects of KGM on the formation and stabilization of as-synthesized gold nanoparticles were studied systematically by a combination of UV-visible (UV-vis) absorption spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, dynamic light scattering, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Furthermore, the gold nanoparticles exhibited a notable catalytic activity toward the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol.

Keywords:
Gold nanoparticles; Catalysis; Composites; Glucomannan; 4-Nitrophenol