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Open Access Nano Idea

A novel material of cross-linked styrylpyridinium salt intercalated montmorillonite for drug delivery

Jing Cui, Qingqing Wang, Xiaodong Chen and Qufu Wei*

Author Affiliations

Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:378  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-378

Published: 3 August 2014

Abstract

A facile synthesis of a styrylpyridinium salt (SbQ)/montmorillonite (MMT) via cationic exchange interactions between styrylpyridinium species (specifically SbQ) and MMT platelets is reported in this work. The SbQ-MMT solutions were irradiated under ultraviolet (UV) light for a specific time to obtain the cross-linked SbQ-MMT materials. Scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy analyses revealed the structures and morphologies of MMT and modified MMT. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscope analyses indicated that the basal spacing increased from 1.24 to 1.53 nm compared with the pristine MMT, which proved that SbQ had interacted with MMT. Thermal gravimetric analysis curves showed that the amount of SbQ in the MMT interlayers was 35.71 meq/100 g. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy also confirmed the intercalation of SbQ species into MMT interlayers, and UV spectroscopy was used to follow up the cross-linking of SbQ-MMT. This novel material has potential applications in drug delivery, and it can also be used as an additive to improve the mechanical properties of polymers.

Keywords:
Montmorillonite; Intercalation; SbQ