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Open Access Nano Express

Formation of linearly linked Fe clusters on Si(111)-7 × 7-C2H5OH surface

Wanyu Ding12, Dongying Ju13*, Yuanyuan Guo13, Ken-ichi Tanaka3 and Fumio Komori4

Author Affiliations

1 Advance Science Center of Saitama Institute of Technology, Fukaya 369-0293, Japan

2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian Jiaotong University, Dalian 116028, China

3 School of Material Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051, China

4 Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Chiba 277-8581, Japan

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:377  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-377

Published: 3 August 2014

Abstract

The Fe atoms were deposited on the Si(111)-7 × 7 surface, which has been saturated with the C2H5OH molecules. Then, the Fe clusters were formed on Si(111)-7 × 7-C2H5OH surface and in situ observed by the scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The STM images showed that with the increase of Fe clusters, the size of clusters was about 5 nm and they self-assembled in straightly linked chain crossing the step to lower or upper terrace. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was in situ carried out on the surface of Fe/Si(111)-7 × 7-C2H5OH samples before and after the introduction of thin air (4.5 × 10-2 Langmuir) into the STM chamber. The XPS results showed that the Fe clusters are stable in the abovementioned thin air condition at room temperature. Based on the STM and XPS results, the driving force making one-dimensional straightly linked chain structure might be the magnetic force of the Fe clusters. The formation of straightly linked Fe clusters chains suggests the formation of single magnetic domain Fe clusters.

PACS

07.79.Cz, 81.15.-z, 75.75.Fk

Keywords:
STM; Fe clusters; Single magnetic domain