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Open Access Nano Express

Large-diameter titanium dioxide nanotube arrays as a scattering layer for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell

Xiaolin Liu12, Min Guo2, Jianjun Cao1, Jia Lin1, Yuen Hong Tsang2, Xianfeng Chen1* and Haitao Huang2*

Author Affiliations

1 The State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China

2 Department of Applied Physics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:362  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-362

Published: 20 July 2014

Abstract

Large-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotube arrays with an outer diameter of approximately 500 nm have been successfully synthesized by potentiostatic anodization at 180 V in a used electrolyte with the addition of 1.5 M lactic acid. It is found that the synthesized large-diameter TiO2 nanotube array shows a superior light scattering ability, which can be used as a light scattering layer to significantly enhance the efficiency of TiO2 nanoparticle-based dye-sensitized solar cells from 5.18% to 6.15%. The remarkable light scattering ability makes the large-diameter TiO2 nanotube array a promising candidate for light management in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs).

Keywords:
Large-diameter titanium dioxide nanotubes; Scattering layer; Dye-sensitized solar cells; Electrochemical reactions