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A review of roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography

Nazrin Kooy, Khairudin Mohamed*, Lee Tze Pin and Ooi Su Guan

Author Affiliations

Nanofabrication and Functional Materials Research Group, School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, Nibong Tebal, Penang 14300, Malaysia

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:320  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-320

Published: 25 June 2014


Since its introduction in 1995, nanoimprint lithography has been demonstrated in many researches as a simple, low-cost, and high-throughput process for replicating micro- and nanoscale patterns. Due to its advantages, the nanoimprint lithography method has been rapidly developed over the years as a promising alternative to conventional nanolithography processes to fulfill the demands generated from the recent developments in the semiconductor and flexible electronics industries, which results in variations of the process. Roll-to-roll (R2R) nanoimprint lithography (NIL) is the most demanded technique due to its high-throughput fulfilling industrial-scale application. In the present work, a general literature review on the various types of nanoimprint lithography processes especially R2R NIL and the methods commonly adapted to fabricate imprint molds are presented to provide a clear view and understanding on the nanoimprint lithography technique as well as its recent developments.



Nanoimprint; Lithography; Nanofabrication; Nanopatterning; Roll-to-roll; Roll-to-plate; Plate-to-plate