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Open Access Nano Express

Electrochemical growth of Co nanowires in ultra-high aspect ratio InP membranes: FFT-impedance spectroscopy of the growth process and magnetic properties

Mark-Daniel Gerngross*, Jürgen Carstensen and Helmut Föll

Author Affiliations

Institute for Materials Science, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kaiserstrasse 2, Kiel 24143, Germany

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:316  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-316

Published: 25 June 2014

Abstract

The electrochemical growth of Co nanowires in ultra-high aspect ratio InP membranes has been investigated by fast Fourier transform-impedance spectroscopy (FFT-IS) in the frequency range from 75 Hz to 18.5 kHz. The impedance data could be fitted very well using an electric circuit equivalent model with a series resistance connected in series to a simple resistor-capacitor (RC) element and a Maxwell element. Based on the impedance data, the Co deposition in ultra-high aspect ratio InP membranes can be divided into two different Co deposition processes. The corresponding share of each process on the overall Co deposition can be determined directly from the transfer resistances of the two processes. The impedance data clearly show the beneficial impact of boric acid on the Co deposition and also indicate a diffusion limitation of boric acid in ultra-high aspect ratio InP membranes. The grown Co nanowires are polycrystalline with a very small grain size. They show a narrow hysteresis loop with a preferential orientation of the easy magnetization direction along the long nanowire axis due to the arising shape anisotropy of the Co nanowires.

Keywords:
Co nanowires; single-crystalline InP membranes; FFT-impedance spectroscopy; Maxwell element; RC element