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Enhancing the light absorbance of polymer solar cells by introducing pulsed laser-deposited CuIn0.8Ga0.2Se2 nanoparticles

Yu Zhao12, Hui Li1, Xu-Jun Liu1, Lei-Lei Guan1, Yan-Li Li1, Jian Sun1, Zhi-Feng Ying1, Jia-Da Wu1 and Ning Xu1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Optical Science and Engineering, Shanghai Ultra-Precision Optical Manufacturing Engineering Center, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People’s Republic of China

2 Department of Physics, Shanghai Electric Power University, Shanghai 201300, China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:308  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-308

Published: 17 June 2014

Abstract

Evenly separated crystalline CuIn0.8Ga0.2Se2 (CIGS) nanoparticles are deposited on ITO-glass substrate by pulsed laser deposition. Such CIGS layers are introduced between conjugated polymer layers and ITO-glass substrates for enhancing light absorbance of polymer solar cells. The P3HT:PCBM absorbance between 300 and 650 nm is enhanced obviously due to the introduction of CIGS nanoparticles. The current density-voltage curves of a P3HT:PCBM/CIGS solar cell demonstrate that the short-circuit current density is improved from 0.77 to 1.20 mA/cm2. The photoluminescence spectra show that the excitons in the polymer are obviously quenched, suggesting that the charge transfer between the P3HT:PCBM and CIGS occurred. The results reveal that the CIGS nanoparticles may exhibit the localized surface plasmon resonance effect just as metallic nanostructures.

PACS

61.46. + w; 61.41.e; 81.15.Fg; 81.07.b

Keywords:
CuIn0.8Ga0.2Se2 nanoparticles; P3HT:PCBM; Pulsed laser deposition; Absorption; Polymer solar cells; Photoluminescence