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Open Access Nano Express

Morphology and composition controlled synthesis of flower-like silver nanostructures

Ning Zhou12, Dongsheng Li12* and Deren Yang1

Author Affiliations

1 State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China

2 Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:302  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-302

Published: 14 June 2014

Abstract

Flower-like silver nanostructures with controlled morphology and composition were prepared through wet-chemical synthesis. The reaction rate is simply manipulated by the amount of catalyzing agent ammonia added which is the key point to determine the ratio of hexagonal close-packed (HCP) to face-centered cubic (FCC) phase in silver nanostructures. The existence of formic acid that is the oxidation product of aldehyde group is demonstrated to play a crucial role in achieving the metastable HCP crystal structures by replacing ionic surfactants with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). Utilizing flower-like silver nanostructures as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates, Raman signal of Rhodamine 6G, or 4-aminothiophenol with concentration as low as 10−7 M was detected. Moreover, it is demonstrated that phase composition has no direct relation to the SERS enhancing factor which is mainly determined by the amount of hot spots.

Keywords:
Flower-like; Silver nanostructure; Hexagonal close-packed; Overgrowth; SERS