Open Access Nano Express

MnO2 prepared by hydrothermal method and electrochemical performance as anode for lithium-ion battery

Lili Feng12*, Zhewen Xuan12, Hongbo Zhao12, Yang Bai12, Junming Guo12, Chang-wei Su12 and Xiaokai Chen3*

Author Affiliations

1 Engineering Research Center of Biopolymer Functional Materials of Yunnan, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming 650500, China

2 Key Laboratory of Chemistry in Ethnic Medicinal Resources, State Ethnic Affairs Commission & Ministry of Education, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming 650500, China

3 College of Civil Engineering, Kunming University of Science & Technology, Kunming 650500, China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:290  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-290

Published: 10 June 2014

Abstract

Two α-MnO2 crystals with caddice-clew-like and urchin-like morphologies are prepared by the hydrothermal method, and their structure and electrochemical performance are characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), galvanostatic cell cycling, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The morphology of the MnO2 prepared under acidic condition is urchin-like, while the one prepared under neutral condition is caddice-clew-like. The identical crystalline phase of MnO2 crystals is essential to evaluate the relationship between electrochemical performances and morphologies for lithium-ion battery application. In this study, urchin-like α-MnO2 crystals with compact structure have better electrochemical performance due to the higher specific capacity and lower impedance. We find that the relationship between electrochemical performance and morphology is different when MnO2 material used as electrochemical supercapacitor or as anode of lithium-ion battery. For lithium-ion battery application, urchin-like MnO2 material has better electrochemical performance.

Keywords:
Lithium-ion battery; Manganese dioxide; Hydrothermal method; Anode materials