Open Access Nano Express

Hydrothermal epitaxy and resultant properties of EuTiO3 films on SrTiO3(001) substrate

Fengzhen Lv1, Jing Zhang1, Cunxu Gao1*, Li Ma2, Daqiang Gao1, Shiming Zhou2 and Desheng Xue1*

Author Affiliations

1 Key Lab for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China

2 Shanghai Key Laboratory of Special Artificial Microstructure Materials and Technology and School of Physics Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:266  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-266

Published: 29 May 2014

Abstract

We report a novel epitaxial growth of EuTiO3 films on SrTiO3(001) substrate by hydrothermal method. The morphological, structural, chemical, and magnetic properties of these epitaxial EuTiO3 films were examined by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution X-ray diffractometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry, respectively. As-grown EuTiO3 films with a perovskite structure were found to show an out-of-plane lattice shrinkage and room-temperature ferromagnetism, possibly resulting from an existence of Eu3+. Postannealing at 1,000°C could reduce the amount of Eu3+, relax the out-of-plane lattice shrinkage, and impact the magnetic properties of the films.

PACS

81.10.Aj; 81.15.-z; 61.05.-a

Keywords:
EuTiO3 films; Hydrothermal growth; Epitaxy; Multiferroics