Open Access Nano Express

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering enhancement of thymine adsorbed on graphene oxide

Galyna Dovbeshko1*, Olena Fesenko1, Andrej Dementjev2, Renata Karpicz2, Vladimir Fedorov3 and Oleg Yu Posudievsky4

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 46 Nauki Ave, Kyiv 03680, Ukraine

2 Institute of Physics, Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, A. Goštauto 11, Vilnius LT-01108, Lithuania

3 Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch of RAS, Akad. Lavrentiev Ave. 3, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia

4 L.V. Pisarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 31 Nauki Ave, 03028 Kyiv, Ukraine

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:263  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-263

Published: 27 May 2014

Abstract

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) of carbon nanostructures, namely, highly oriented pyrolytic graphite, graphene nanoplatelets, graphene oxide, and multiwall carbon nanotubes as well CARS spectra of thymine (Thy) molecules adsorbed on graphene oxide were studied. The spectra of the samples were compared with spontaneous Raman scattering (RS) spectra. The CARS spectra of Thy adsorbed on graphene oxide are characterized by shifts of the main bands in comparison with RS. The CARS spectra of the initial nanocarbons are definitely different: for all investigated materials, there is a redistribution of D- and G-mode intensities, significant shift of their frequencies (more than 20 cm-1), and appearance of new modes about 1,400 and 1,500 cm-1. The D band in CARS spectra is less changed than the G band; there is an absence of 2D-mode at 2,600 cm-1 for graphene and appearance of intensive modes of the second order between 2,400 and 3,000 cm-1. Multiphonon processes in graphene under many photon excitations seem to be responsible for the features of the CARS spectra. We found an enhancement of the CARS signal from thymine adsorbed on graphene oxide with maximum enhancement factor about 105. The probable mechanism of CARS enhancement is discussed.

Keywords:
Graphene oxide (GO); Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs); Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs); Highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG); Thymine, Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS); Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS); Surface-enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (SECARS); Graphene oxide-enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (GECARS)