Open Access Nano Express

Bismuth incorporation and the role of ordering in GaAsBi/GaAs structures

Daniel F Reyes1*, Faebian Bastiman2, Chris J Hunter2, David L Sales1, Ana M Sanchez3, John P R David2 and David González1

Author Affiliations

1 Departamento de Ciencia de los Materiales e IM y QI, Universidad de Cádiz, Puerto Real, Cádiz 11510, Spain

2 Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK

3 Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:23  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-23

Published: 13 January 2014


The structure and composition of single GaAsBi/GaAs epilayers grown by molecular beam epitaxy were investigated by optical and transmission electron microscopy techniques. Firstly, the GaAsBi layers exhibit two distinct regions and a varying Bi composition profile in the growth direction. In the lower (25 nm) region, the Bi content decays exponentially from an initial maximum value, while the upper region comprises an almost constant Bi content until the end of the layer. Secondly, despite the relatively low Bi content, CuPtB-type ordering was observed both in electron diffraction patterns and in fast Fourier transform reconstructions from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy images. The estimation of the long-range ordering parameter and the development of ordering maps by using geometrical phase algorithms indicate a direct connection between the solubility of Bi and the amount of ordering. The occurrence of both phase separation and atomic ordering has a significant effect on the optical properties of these layers.


78.55.Cr III-V semiconductors; 68.55.Nq composition and phase identification; 68.55.Ln defects and impurities: doping, implantation, distribution, concentration, etc; 64.75.St phase separation and segregation in

GaAsBi/GaAs epilayers; Molecular beam epitaxy; Bi composition; CuPtB-type ordering