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Open Access Nano Express

Relaxation processes in hybrid organic-inorganic polymer nanosystems polymerized in situ

Maksym Iurzhenko123*, Yevgen Mamunya12, Gisele Boiteux3, Gerard Seytre3, Erisela Nikaj3, Olivier Gain3, Eugene Lebedev1 and Svetlana Ishchenko1

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv 02160, Ukraine

2 Center for Thermophysical Investigations and Analysis of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv 02160, Ukraine

3 Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, Ingénierie des Matériaux Polymères, UMR CNRS 5223, IMP@LYON1, Lyon 69622, France

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:217  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-217

Published: 7 May 2014

Abstract

The relaxation processes of hybrid organic-inorganic polymer nanosystems (OIS) synthesized by joint polymerization of organic and inorganic components were studied using methods of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), and broadband dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS). The organic component was a mixture of two products: high-molecular-weight macrodiisocyanate (MDI) with low reactivity and low-molecular-weight isocyanate-containing modifier poly(isocyanate) (PIC) with high reactivity. Sodium silicate (SS) was used as inorganic component. The structures of the OIS obtained were in the form of hybrids with covalently connected building blocks and interpenetrating networks: weakly cross-linked network MDI/SS and highly cross-linked network PIC/SS. Depending on the MDI/PIC ratio, one of the networks was prevailing and created a continuous structure with domains of second network.

PACS

61.25.hk; 82.35.Lr; 64.70.pj

Keywords:
Hybrid polymers; Organic-inorganic nanosystems; Joint polymerization; Interpenetrating networks; Relaxation phenomena