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Open Access Nano Express

Enhanced optical confinement and lasing characteristics of individual urchin-like ZnO microstructures prepared by oxidation of metallic Zn

Chia-Hao Lu1, Tzu-Yang Chao1, Ying-Feng Chiu1, Shuo-Yen Tseng12 and Hsu-Cheng Hsu12*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Photonics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan

2 Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:178  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-178

Published: 11 April 2014

Abstract

We prepared urchin-like micron-sized ZnO cavities with high optical quality by oxidizing metallic Zn and proposed the mechanism that resulted in the growth of the urchin-like microstructures. The photoluminescence spectra of the ZnO microstructures had a predominant excitonic emission at room temperature. The lasing properties of the urchin-like ZnO microstructures were investigated systematically through excitation power- and size-dependent photoluminescence measurements. The results showed that a low lasing threshold with high quality factors could be achieved because of the high reflectivity of the optical reflectors formed by the tapered nanowires. The unique optical characteristics may facilitate the development of high-efficiency random lasers.

Keywords:
Random laser; ZnO; Microstructures