Figure 3.

Phase transitions of water. The p-T diagram is calculated with the new sublimation-pressure empirical equation valid in the range from 50 K and 1.9 × 10−40 Pa to temperature and pressure values at the triple point [25]. The sublimation-pressure curve is delineated for pressures ranging from 10−5 Torr down to 10−9 Torr that are achievable in vacuum chambers of physical vapor deposition systems.

Stefaniuk et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2014 9:153   doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-153
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