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Structural and electronic properties of germanene/MoS2 monolayer and silicene/MoS2 monolayer superlattices

Xiaodan Li12, Shunqing Wu12, Sen Zhou3 and Zizhong Zhu12*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China

2 Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China

3 State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2014, 9:110  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-9-110

Published: 8 March 2014

Abstract

Superlattice provides a new approach to enrich the class of materials with novel properties. Here, we report the structural and electronic properties of superlattices made with alternate stacking of two-dimensional hexagonal germanene (or silicene) and a MoS2 monolayer using the first principles approach. The results are compared with those of graphene/MoS2 superlattice. The distortions of the geometry of germanene, silicene, and MoS2 layers due to the formation of the superlattices are all relatively small, resulting from the relatively weak interactions between the stacking layers. Our results show that both the germanene/MoS2 and silicene/MoS2 superlattices are manifestly metallic, with the linear bands around the Dirac points of the pristine germanene and silicene seem to be preserved. However, small band gaps are opened up at the Dirac points for both the superlattices due to the symmetry breaking in the germanene and silicene layers caused by the introduction of the MoS2 sheets. Moreover, charge transfer happened mainly within the germanene (or silicene) and the MoS2 layers (intra-layer transfer), as well as some part of the intermediate regions between the germanene (or silicene) and the MoS2 layers (inter-layer transfer), suggesting more than just the van der Waals interactions between the stacking sheets in the superlattices.

Keywords:
Superlattice; MoS2 monolayer; Germanene; Silicene