Figure 5.

Relative velocity of the buffer solution convection. Velocity gradient at different electric fields and at a definite channel inlet x = 14.5 mm (a, b, c) and different channel velocity profile (d, e, f) at y = 0 at different channel positions (a, b, c) with different heating temperatures and electric strengths.

Hsieh et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2013 8:87   doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-87
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