Table 7

Variation in average Nusselt number and average skin friction coefficient with concentration at 317 K
Φ Nuavg Percentage increase in Nuavgat steady state Cfavg (103) Percentage increase in Cfavgat steady state
0 10.5850 - 3.6357 -
0.01 11.1776 5.60 3.6945 1.62
0.02 11.3780 7.49 3.7244 2.44
0.03 11.4590 8.26 3.7483 3.10
0.035 11.4674 8.34 3.7589 3.39
0.04 11.4576 8.24 3.7690 3.67
0.06 11.2646 6.42 3.8052 4.66
0.09 10.6124 0.26 3.8493 5.88

ε = 0.72, diameter of Cu powder = 470 μm, length of plate = 0.04 m, permeability = 7 × 10−9, T (plate) = 317 K, dp = 11 nm (Al2O3 + H2O).

Uddin and Harmand

Uddin and Harmand Nanoscale Research Letters 2013 8:64   doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-64

Open Data