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The influence of type-I and type-II triplet multiple quantum well structure on white organic light-emitting diodes

Bo Zhao12, Zisheng Su1, Wenlian Li1*, Bei Chu1*, Fangming Jin12, Xingwu Yan12, Tianyou Zhang12, Feng Zhang3, Di Fan3, Yuan Gao12, Junbo Wang1, Huachun Pi4 and Jianzhuo Zhu5

Author Affiliations

1 State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Applications, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics, and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033, People’s Republic of China

2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, People’s Republic of China

3 Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033, People’s Republic of China

4 Sinosteel Scie-tech Development Co. Ltd, 8-Haidian Street, Beijing 100080, People’s Republic of China

5 College of Science, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, People’s Republic of China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:529  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-529

Published: 17 December 2013

Abstract

We demonstrate high-efficient white organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) based on triplet multiple quantum well (MQW) structure and focus on the influence on WOLEDs through employing different potential barrier materials to form type-I and type-II MQWs, respectively. It is found that type-I MQW structure WOLEDs based on 1,3,5-tris(N-phenyl-benzimidazol-2-yl)benzene as potential barrier layer (PBL) offers high electroluminescent (EL) performance. That is to say, maximum current efficiency and power efficiency are achieved at about 1,000 cd/m2 with 16.4 cd/A and 8.3 lm/W, which increase by 53.3% and 50.9% over traditional three-layer structure WOLEDs, respectively, and a maximum luminance of 17,700 cd/m2 is earned simultaneously. The achievement of high EL performance would be attributed to uniform distribution and better confinement of carriers within the emitting layer (EML). However, when 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline or 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline is used as PBL to form type-II MQW structure, poor EL performance is obtained. We attribute that to improper energy level alignment between the interface of EML/PBL, which leads to incomplete confinement and low recombination efficiency of carriers, a more detailed mechanism was argued.

Keywords:
White organic light-emitting diodes; Organic quantum well structure; Type-I and type-II; Potential barrier layer