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Open Access Nano Express

Removal of lipopolysaccharide from protein solution using nanostructured porous supports bearing lipid membranes

Masa-aki Wakita

Author Affiliations

Kurita Global Technology Center, Kurita Water Industries, Ltd., 1-1 Kawada, Nogi-machi, Shimotsuga-gun, Tochigi 329-0105, Japan

Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:460  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-460

Published: 5 November 2013

Abstract

Polymeric lipid membranes of N-octadecylchitosan, which consists of 70 mol% of 2-(octadecylamino)-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose, 17 mol% of 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose, and 13 mol% of 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose, were covalently immobilized to carboxylated porous supports composed of chitosan and used for the adsorption of pyrogenic lipopolysaccharide. When human serum albumin solution, including 5 mg mL-1 of albumin and 5.6 ng mL-1 of lipopolysaccharide, was passed through a column packed with the resulting porous supports bearing lipid membranes assembled in nanoscale, lipopolysaccharide was removed to as low as a detection limit of 0.020 ng mL-1 with a quantitative recovery of protein. On the other hand, in the case of directly N-octadecylated porous supports having cationic and hydrophobic ligands which are not assembled as lipid membranes, lipopolysaccharide could not be removed to the detection limit and protein recovery was lower than the porous supports bearing lipid membranes. The difference above as well as difference from conventional adsorbents suggested that the selectivity was attributable to an interaction between the cationic lipid membranes of N-octadecylchitosan and lipopolysaccharide as well as protein. The porous supports bearing lipid membranes were stable in 0.5 M NaOH and 0.1 M HCl at ambient temperature. Considering the confirmed excellent selectivity and chemical stability, their practical use as separation media in the pharmaceutical manufacturing can be expected.

Keywords:
Lipid membranes; Lipopolysaccharide; Chitosan