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Open Access Nano Express

Magnetic properties of fluffy Fe@α-Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires

Xiaobing Cao1, Weihua Wang1, Xinghua Zhang2, Luyan Li3, Yahui Cheng1*, Hui Liu1*, Sichao Du4 and Rongkun Zheng4

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Electronics & Key Laboratory of Photo-Electronic Thin Film Devices and Technology of Tianjin, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China

2 School of Material Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China

3 School of Science, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101, China

4 School of Physics, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:423  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-423

Published: 17 October 2013

Abstract

Novel fluffy Fe@α-Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires have been synthesized using the chemical reaction of ferrous sulfate and sodium borohydride, as well as the post-annealing process in air. The coercivity of the as-synthesized nanowires is above 684 Oe in the temperature range of 5 to 300 K, which is significantly higher than that of the bulk Fe (approximately 0.9 Oe). Through the annealing process in air, the coercivity and the exchange field are evidently improved. Both the coercivity and the exchange field increase with increasing annealing time (TA) and reach their maximum values of 1,042 and 78 Oe, respectively, at TA = 4 h. The magnetic measurements show that the effective anisotropy is increased with increasing the thickness of theα-Fe2O3 by annealing. The large values of coercivity and exchange field, as well as the high surface area to volume ratio, may make the fluffy Fe@α-Fe2O3 core-shell nanowire a promising candidate for the applications of the magnetic drug delivery, electrochemical energy storage, gas sensors, photocatalysis, and so forth.

Keywords:
Fe@α-Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires; Coercivity; Exchange bias