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Stable superhydrophobic surface of hierarchical carbon nanotubes on Si micropillar arrays

Shaoqing He1, Jinquan Wei1*, Haifan Wang2, Deshun Sun2, Zhaohui Yao3, Chengsong Fu3, Ruiqiao Xu1, Yi Jia1, Hongwei Zhu1, Kunlin Wang1 and Dehai Wu1

Author affiliations

1 Key Lab for Advanced Materials Processing Technology of Education Ministry, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China

2 School of Mechatronic Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of China

3 School of Aerospace, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:412  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-412

Published: 7 October 2013


It is of great importance to construct a stable superhydrophobic surface with low sliding angle (SA) for various applications. We used hydrophobic carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to construct the superhydrophobic hierarchical architecture of CNTs on silicon micropillar array (CNTs/Si-μp), which have a large contact angle of 153° to 155° and an ultralow SA of 3° to 5°. Small water droplets with a volume larger than 0.3 μL can slide on the CNTs/Si-μp with a tilted angle of approximately 5°. The CNTs growing on planar Si wafer lose their superhydrophobic properties after exposing to tiny water droplets. However, the CNTs/Si-μp still show superhydrophobic properties even after wetting using tiny water droplets. The CNTs/Si-μp still have a hierarchical structure after wetting, resulting in a stable superhydrophobic surface.

Carbon nanotube; Hierarchical architecture; Superhydrophobic surface