|Fabrication method for the antireflective coatings|
|Method||Characteristics||Applications (other than antireflective coatings)||References|
|Micro-replication process (MRP)||Capable of creating nano/micro features on substrates of slicon or plastics. By combining three major steps of micro/nanostructure masters, metallic mold electroplating and replication into plastics.||Backlight guide plate, grating, micro-mirror arrays, photonic crystals and other micro/nano features||[14-19]|
|Roll-to-roll (R2R) printing||Capable of creating electronic devices on flexible substrates (plastics or metal foil) Typically includes steps of coatings, printing, laminating, re-reeling, and rewinding processes||Organic light emitting diodes (OLED), thin film solar cells, optical brightness enhancement films or organic thin film transistors (OFET)||[18,21-27]|
|Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO)||By anodizing high-purity aluminum to generate a porous alumina membrane as templates such that a closed-packed hexagonal array of columnar cells can be obtained. Typically, can be categorized as a self-ordering synthesis of nanopores||Molecular separation, energy generation and storage, electronics, photonics, sensors (biosensors), drug delivery, and template synthesis||[28,29]|
Fuh et al.
Fuh et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2013 8:407 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-407