Open Access Nano Express

Magnetic resonance of the NiFe2O4 nanoparticles in the gigahertz range

Zhenhua Shi, Jing Zhang, Daqiang Gao, Zhonghua Zhu, Zhaolong Yang, Zhipeng Zhang and Desheng Xue*

Author Affiliations

Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of MOE, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, People’s Republic of China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:404  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-404

Published: 1 October 2013

Abstract

We report an adjustable magnetic resonance frequency from 1.45 to 2.54 GHz for NiFe2O4 nanoparticles which were prepared by a sol–gel process. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy results indicate that the samples are polycrystalline nanoparticles, and the size of the particles increases obviously with the thermal treatment temperature. The consequence of the surface composition suggests that the oxygen defects are present in the nanoparticle surface, and this surface magnetic state can show a strong surface anisotropy. With decreasing size of the particle, the surface magnetic effect is predominant, resulting in an increase of resonance frequency for NiFe2O4 nanoparticles. This finding provides a new route for NiFe2O4 materials that can be used in the gigahertz range.

Keywords:
NiFe2O4 nanoparticles; Sol–gel method; High-frequency magnetic resonance