SEM micrographs of the irradiated AZO/Ag/AZO electrode. The laser irradiation is a single pulse, at a wavelength of 1,064 nm, duration of 12 ns and energy fluence of 1.7 J/cm2. The corresponding laser-irradiated spot size is 9.1 mm2. (a) Overview of the spot, (b) fracture of the multilayer structure at the periphery of the irradiated area, (c) central region and (d) AZO/Ag/AZO lift off from the substrate at the edge.
Crupi et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2013 8:392 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-392