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Controllable synthesis of ZnO nanostructures on the Si substrate by a hydrothermal route

Jing-Jing Dong1*, Chun-Yang Zhen1, Hui-Ying Hao1, Jie Xing1, Zi-Li Zhang1, Zhi-Yuan Zheng1 and Xing-Wang Zhang2

Author affiliations

1 School of Science, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China

2 Key Lab of Semiconductor Materials Science, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100083, China

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:378  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-378

Published: 5 September 2013


In this paper, controllable synthesis of various ZnO nanostructures was achieved via a simple and cost-effective hydrothermal process on the Si substrate. The morphology evolution of the ZnO nanostructures was well monitored by tuning hydrothermal growth parameters, such as the seed layer, solution concentration, reaction temperature, and surfactant. X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence measurements reveal that crystal quality and optical properties crucially depend on the morphology of the ZnO nanostructures. The ease of synthesis and convenience to tune morphology and optical properties bring this approach great potential for nanoscale applications.

Zinc oxide; Nanostructure; Hydrothermal