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Dirac fermion heating, current scaling, and direct insulator-quantum Hall transition in multilayer epitaxial graphene

Fan-Hung Liu1, Chang-Shun Hsu1, Chiashain Chuang2, Tak-Pong Woo2, Lung-I Huang2, Shun-Tsung Lo1, Yasuhiro Fukuyama3, Yanfei Yang4, Randolph E Elmquist4 and Chi-Te Liang12*

Author Affiliations

1 Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan

2 Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan

3 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan

4 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:360  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-360

Published: 22 August 2013


We have performed magnetotransport measurements on multilayer epitaxial graphene. By increasing the driving current I through our graphene devices while keeping the bath temperature fixed, we are able to study Dirac fermion heating and current scaling in such devices. Using zero-field resistivity as a self thermometer, we are able to determine the effective Dirac fermion temperature (TDF) at various driving currents. At zero field, it is found that TDFI≈1/2. Such results are consistent with electron heating in conventional two-dimensional systems in the plateau-plateau transition regime. With increasing magnetic field B, we observe an I-independent point in the measured longitudinal resistivity ρxx which is equivalent to the direct insulator-quantum Hall (I-QH) transition characterized by a temperature-independent point in ρxx. Together with recent experimental evidence for direct I-QH transition, our new data suggest that such a transition is a universal effect in graphene, albeit further studies are required to obtain a thorough understanding of such an effect.

Graphene; Magnetoresistivity measurements; Direct insulator-quantum Hall transition