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Hydrogen treatment-improved uniform deposition of Ag nanoparticles on ZnO nanorod arrays and their visible-light photocatalytic and surface-enhanced Raman scattering properties

Sio-Le Lin, Kai-Chih Hsu, Chih-Hsiung Hsu and Dong-Hwang Chen*

Author Affiliations

Department of Chemical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan, Republic of China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:325  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-325

Published: 16 July 2013

Abstract

ZnO nanorod arrays were synthesized by chemical bath deposition. After heat treatment in hydrogen or air, Ag nanoparticles were deposited on ZnO nanorod arrays by photo-reduction method. The size of Ag nanoparticles as well as the surface morphology, structure, composition, and optical property of ZnO nanorod arrays before and after the deposition of Ag nanoparticles were characterized by SEM, XRD, EDS, and UV/VIS/NIR spectrophotometer. As compared to the samples with heat treatment in air or without heat treatment, the ZnO nanorod arrays after heat treatment in hydrogen allowed Ag nanoparticles to be deposited more uniformly, densely, and numerously. Also, they exhibited higher efficiency for the visible light-driven photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine 6G (R6G) dye. The effects of the amount of Ag nanoparticles, initial dye concentration, and temperature on the photocatalytic degradation efficiency were investigated. Furthermore, they also exhibited better surface-enhanced Raman scattering property for the detection of R6G dyes.

Keywords:
ZnO nanorod arrays; Hydrogen treatment; Ag nanoparticles; Photocatalytic; Surface-enhanced raman scattering