Open Access Nano Express

Functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes/polypyrrole composites for amperometric glucose biosensors

Matei Raicopol1, Alina Prună2, Celina Damian1 and Luisa Pilan1*

Author affiliations

1 Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 132 Calea Griviţei, 010737 Bucharest, Romania

2 Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest, 405 Atomistilor, Magurele, Romania

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:316  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-316

Published: 9 July 2013

Abstract

This article reports an amperometric glucose biosensor based on a new type of nanocomposite of polypyrrole (PPY) with p-phenyl sulfonate-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs-PhSO3). An environmentally friendly functionalization procedure of the SWCNTs in the presence of substituted aniline and an oxidative species was adopted. The nanocomposite-modified electrode exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activities towards the reduction or oxidation of H2O2. This feature allowed us to use it as bioplatform on which glucose oxidase (GOx) was immobilized by entrapment in an electropolymerized PPY/SWCNTs-PhSO3 film for the construction of the glucose biosensor. The amperometric detection of glucose was assayed by applying a constant electrode potential value necessary to oxidize or reduce the enzymatically produced H2O2 with minimal interference from the possible coexisting electroactive compounds. With the introduction of a thin film of Prussian blue (PB) at the substrate electrode surface, the PPY/GOx/SWCNTs-PhSO3/PB system shows synergy between the PB and functionalized SWCNTs which amplifies greatly the electrode sensitivity when operated at low potentials. The biosensor showed good analytical performances in terms of low detection (0.01 mM), high sensitivity (approximately 6 μA mM−1 cm−2), and wide linear range (0.02 to 6 mM). In addition, the effects of applied potential, the electroactive interference, and the stability of the biosensor were discussed. The facile procedure of immobilizing GOx used in the present work can promote the development of other oxidase-based biosensors which could have a practical application in clinical, food, and environmental analysis.

Keywords:
Functionalization; Carbon nanotubes; Conductive polymers; Nanocomposite; Amperometric biosensor; Sensitivity; Selectivity