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Specific heat capacity of molten salt-based alumina nanofluid

Ming-Chang Lu* and Chien-Hsun Huang

Author Affiliations

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:292  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-292

Published: 21 June 2013


There is no consensus on the effect of nanoparticle (NP) addition on the specific heat capacity (SHC) of fluids. In addition, the predictions from the existing model have a large discrepancy from the measured SHCs in nanofluids. We show that the SHC of the molten salt-based alumina nanofluid decreases with reducing particle size and increasing particle concentration. The NP size-dependent SHC is resulted from an augmentation of the nanolayer effect as particle size reduces. A model considering the nanolayer effect which supports the experimental results was proposed.

Nanofluid; Nanolayer; Specific heat capacity (SHC); Molten-salt