Enhanced photoluminescence from porous silicon nanowire arrays
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Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:277 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-277Published: 9 June 2013
The enhanced room-temperature photoluminescence of porous Si nanowire arrays and its mechanism are investigated. Over 4 orders of magnitude enhancement of light intensity is observed by tuning their nanostructures and surface modification. It is concluded that the localized states related to Si-O bonds and self-trapped excitations in the nanoporous structures are attributed to the strong light emission.