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Growth of all-carbon horizontally aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes nucleated from fullerene-based structures

Imad Ibrahim12*, Yang Zhang1, Alexey Popov1, Lothar Dunsch1, Bernd Büchner13, Gianaurelio Cuniberti2 and Mark H Rümmeli13*

Author Affiliations

1 IFW-Dresden e.V., PF 270116, Dresden 01171, Germany

2 Institute for Materials Science and Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden 01062, Germany

3 Department of Physics, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden 01062, Germany

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:265  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-265

Published: 6 June 2013


All-carbon single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) were successfully synthesized, nucleated using a fullerene derivative. A systematic investigation into the initial preparation of C60 fullerenes as growth nucleators for the SWCNTs was conducted. Enhancement in the yield of the produced SWCNT has been achieved with exploring different dispersing media for the fullerenes, the period, and environment of the initial thermal treatment of the fullerenes in addition to the use of different fullerene-based structures. The systematic studies significantly advance our understanding of the growth of the all-carbon catalyst-free single-walled carbon nanotubes. Field-effect transistors were fabricated using the catalyst-free SWCNT and then electrically characterized, showing current capacity as high as the well-studied catalyst-assisted nanotubes.

Horizontally aligned SWCNT; CVD; Catalyst-free SWCNT; Fullerene nucleate CNT