One-qubit quantum gates in a circular graphene quantum dot: genetic algorithm approach
1 Departamento de Física Aplicada, Antiguo Hospital de la Marina, Campo Muralla del Mar, UPCT, Cartagena, 30202, Murcia, Spain
2 Departamento de Física Teórica, Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnologías, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM, Apdo, Postal 14, Ensenada, Baja California 22830, México
Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:242 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-242Published: 16 May 2013
The aim of this work was to design and control, using genetic algorithm (GA) for parameter optimization, one-charge-qubit quantum logic gates σx, σy, and σz, using two bound states as a qubit space, of circular graphene quantum dots in a homogeneous magnetic field. The method employed for the proposed gate implementation is through the quantum dynamic control of the qubit subspace with an oscillating electric field and an onsite (inside the quantum dot) gate voltage pulse with amplitude and time width modulation which introduce relative phases and transitions between states. Our results show that we can obtain values of fitness or gate fidelity close to 1, avoiding the leakage probability to higher states. The system evolution, for the gate operation, is presented with the dynamics of the probability density, as well as a visualization of the current of the pseudospin, characteristic of a graphene structure. Therefore, we conclude that is possible to use the states of the graphene quantum dot (selecting the dot size and magnetic field) to design and control the qubit subspace, with these two time-dependent interactions, to obtain the optimal parameters for a good gate fidelity using GA.