|Comparison of the physical characteristics of the carbon nanoparticles|
|Shape||Nanosheet||Spherical nanoparticle||Spherical nanoparticle||Spherical nanoparticle||Multi-wall tube|
|Size||6 to 8 nm/15 μm||3 to 4 nm||3 to 4 nm||Approximately 50 nm (aggregates)||8 nm/5 to 20 μm|
|Zeta potential (mV)||−3.83||28.7||−39.3||−38.0||−14.8|
|Specific surface area||120 to 150 m2/g||540 to 650 m2/g||Approximately 282 m2/g||0.07 to 0.17 m2/ga||>500 m2/g|
|Production||Exfoliated||Explosion||Explosion||Arc discharge||Catalytic CVD|
Purity and specific surface area (except C60) were provided by the manufacturer. The size was provided by the manufacturer and examined with a transmission electron microscope. Zeta potential was examined with Zetasizer Nano-ZS90. GNS, graphene nanosheet; NG, graphite nanoparticle; ND, diamond nanoparticle; C60, fullerene C60; MWNT, multi-wall nanotube; CVD, chemical vapour deposition. aTaken from Cheng et al. .
Wierzbicki et al.
Wierzbicki et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2013 8:195 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-195