Open Access Nano Express

Efficient biocatalyst by encapsulating lipase into nanoporous gold

Xiaoyu Du, Xueying Liu, Yufei Li, Chao Wu, Xia Wang* and Ping Xu

Author affiliations

State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, People’s Republic of China

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:180  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-180

Published: 19 April 2013

Abstract

Lipases are one of the most important biocatalysts for biotechnological applications. Immobilization is an efficient method to increase the stability and reusability of lipases. In this study, nanoporous gold (NPG), a new kind of nanoporous material with tunable porosity and excellent biocompatibility, was employed as an effective support for lipase immobilization. The pore size of NPG and adsorption time played key roles in the construction of lipase-NPG biocomposites. The morphology and composition of NPG before and after lipase loading are verified using a scanning electron microscope, equipped with an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer. The resulting lipase-NPG biocomposites exhibited excellent catalytic activity and remarkable reusability. The catalytic activity of the lipase-NPG biocomposite with a pore size of 35 nm had no decrease after ten recycles. Besides, the lipase-NPG biocomposite exhibited high catalytic activity in a broader pH range and higher temperature than that of free lipase. In addition, the leaching of lipase from NPG could be prevented by matching the protein’s diameter and pore size. Thus, the encapsulation of enzymes within NPG is quite useful for establishing new functions and will have wide applications for different chemical processes.

Keywords:
Lipase; Immobilization; Nanoporous gold; Catalysis; Reusability