SEM image of bent ZnO nanowires and result from iradina simulation. (a) SEM image of bent ZnO nanowires after irradiation with 100 keV Ar ions. Arrow indicates ion beam direction. (b) Result from iradina simulation showing the distribution of damage within the nanowire. The different values of interstitials minus vacancies are shown (arbitrary units). Blue, excess interstitials; red, excess vacancies. Reprinted with permission from Borschel et al. .
Li et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2013 8:175 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-175