Eco-friendly synthesis for MCM-41 nanoporous materials using the non-reacted reagents in mother liquor
1 School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, 11800, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603, Malaysia
3 Division of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha no. 10, Bandung, 40132, Indonesia
Nanoscale Research Letters 2013, 8:120 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-8-120Published: 4 March 2013
Nanoporous materials such as Mobil composite material number 41 (MCM-41) are attractive for applications such as catalysis, adsorption, supports, and carriers. Green synthesis of MCM-41 is particularly appealing because the chemical reagents are useful and valuable. We report on the eco-friendly synthesis of MCM-41 nanoporous materials via multi-cycle approach by re-using the non-reacted reagents in supernatant as mother liquor after separating the solid product. This approach was achieved via minimal requirement of chemical compensation where additional fresh reactants were added into the mother liquor followed by pH adjustment after each cycle of synthesis. The solid product of each successive batch was collected and characterized while the non-reacted reagents in supernatant can be recovered and re-used to produce subsequent cycle of MCM-41. The multi-cycle synthesis is demonstrated up to three times in this research. This approach suggests a low cost and eco-friendly synthesis of nanoporous material since less waste is discarded after the product has been collected, and in addition, product yield can be maintained at the high level.