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Carbon nanohorn-based nanofluids: characterization of the spectral scattering albedo

Luca Mercatelli1, Elisa Sani1*, Annalisa Giannini1, Paola Di Ninni2, Fabrizio Martelli2 and Giovanni Zaccanti2

Author Affiliations

1 National Research Council-National Institute of Optics (CNR-INO), Largo E. Fermi, 6, Florence, 50125, Italy

2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Florence, via Sansone 1, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019, Italy

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:96  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-96

Published: 1 February 2012


The full characterization of the optical properties of nanofluids consisting of single-wall carbon nanohorns of different morphologies in aqueous suspensions is carried out using a novel spectrophotometric technique. Information on the nanofluid scattering and absorption spectral characteristics is obtained by analyzing the data within the single scattering theory and validating the method by comparison with previous monochromatic measurements performed with a different technique. The high absorption coefficient measured joint to the very low scattering albedo opens promising application perspectives for single-wall carbon nanohorn-based fluid or solid suspensions. The proposed approximate approach can be extended also to other low-scattering turbid media.

PACS: 78.35.+c Brillouin and Rayleigh scattering, other light scattering; 78.40.Ri absorption and reflection spectra, fullerenes and related materials; 81.05.U- carbon/carbon-based materials; 78.67.Bf optical properties of low-dimensional, mesoscopic, and nanoscale materials and structures, nanocrystals, nanoparticles, and nanoclusters.