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Open Access Nano Express

An effective oxidation approach for luminescence enhancement in CdS quantum dots by H2O2

Woojin Lee, Hoechang Kim, Dae-Ryong Jung, Jongmin Kim, Changwoo Nahm, Junhee Lee, Suji Kang, Byungho Lee and Byungwoo Park*

Author Affiliations

WCU Hybrid Materials Program, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Institute of Advanced Materials, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-744, Korea

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:672  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-672

Published: 12 December 2012


The effects of surface passivation on the photoluminescence (PL) properties of CdS nanoparticles oxidized by straightforward H2O2 injection were examined. Compared to pristine cadmium sulfide nanocrystals (quantum efficiency ≅ 0.1%), the surface-passivated CdS nanoparticles showed significantly enhanced luminescence properties (quantum efficiency ≅ 20%). The surface passivation by H2O2 injection was characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and time-resolved PL. The photoluminescence enhancement is due to the two-order increase in the radiative recombination rate by the sulfate passivation layer.

Photoluminescence; Surface passivation; Quantum efficiency