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Tunable spin-dependent Andreev reflection in a four-terminal Aharonov-Bohm interferometer with coherent indirect coupling and Rashba spin-orbit interaction

Long Bai1*, Rong Zhang1 and Chen-Long Duan2

Author affiliations

1 College of Science, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, China

2 School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, China

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:670  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-670

Published: 10 December 2012

Abstract

Using the nonequilibrium Green’s function method, we theoretically study the Andreev reflection(AR) in a four-terminal Aharonov-Bohm interferometer containing a coupled double quantum dot with the Rashba spin-orbit interaction (RSOI) and the coherent indirect coupling via two ferromagnetic leads. When two ferromagnetic electrodes are in the parallel configuration, the spin-up conductance is equal to the spin-down conductance due to the absence of the RSOI. However, for the antiparallel alignment, the spin-polarized AR occurs resulting from the crossed AR (CAR) and the RSOI. The effects of the coherent indirect coupling, RSOI, and magnetic flux on the Andreev-reflected tunneling magnetoresistance are analyzed at length. The spin-related current is calculated, and a distinct swap effect emerges. Furthermore, the pure spin current can be generated due to the CAR when two ferromagnets become two half metals. It is found that the strong RSOI and the large indirect coupling are in favor of the CAR and the production of the strong spin current. The properties of the spin-related current are tunable in terms of the external parameters. Our results offer new ways to manipulate the spin-dependent transport.

Keywords:
Aharonov-Bohm interferometer; Double quantum dot; Andreev reflection; Rashba spin-orbit interaction; Coherent indirect coupling; 73.63.Kv; 73.23.-b; 72.25.-b