Thermal diffusivity measurement for urchin-like gold nanofluids with different solvents, sizes and concentrations/shapes
1 Química Aromática SA, Río Grande S/N, Col. Santa Catarina, Acolman, Mexico State, CP 55875, Mexico
2 UPIBI-IPN, Av. Acueducto S/N, Col. Barrio la Laguna Ticomán, Mexico City, CP, 07340, Mexico
3 Biotechnology and Bioengineering Department, CINVESTAV, Av. IPN 2508, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, Mexico City, CP, 07360, Mexico
4 ICGDE-BUAP, 4 Sur 104 Edificio Carolino, Col. Centro Histórico, Puebla, CP, 72000, Mexico
5 Physics Department, CINVESTAV, Av. IPN 2508, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, Mexico City, CP, 07360, Mexico
Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:667 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-667Published: 6 December 2012
The thermal properties of nanofluids are an especially interesting research topic because of the variety of potential applications, which range from bio-utilities to next-generation heat-transfer fluids. In this study, photopyroelectric calorimetry for measuring the thermal diffusivity of urchin-like colloidal gold nanofluids as a function of particle size, concentration and shape in water, ethanol and ethylene glycol is reported. Urchin-like gold nanoparticles were synthesised in the presence of hydroquinone through seed-mediated growth with homogeneous shape and size ranging from 55 to 115 nm. The optical response, size and morphology of these nanoparticles were characterised using UV-visible spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The thermal diffusivity of these nanofluids decreased as the size of the nanoparticles increased, and the enhancement depended on the thermal diffusivity of the solvent. The opposite effect (increase in thermal diffusivity) was observed when the nanoparticle concentration was increased. These effects were more evident for urchin-like gold nanofluids than for the corresponding spherical gold nanofluids.