Behavior of NiTiNb SMA wires under recovery stress or prestressing
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Hongik University, Seoul, 121-791, South Korea
2 Department of Metal and Material Engineering, GyeongSang National University, Jinju, 660-701, South Korea
3 Department of Civil Engineering, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, 156-756, South Korea
4 Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Keimyung University, Daegu, 704-701, South Korea
5 Department of Civil Engineering, Chungju National University, Chungju, 380-702, South Korea
Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:66 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-66Published: 5 January 2012
The recovery stress of martensitic shape-memory alloy [SMA] wires can be used to confine concrete, and the confining effectiveness of the SMA wires was previously proved through experimental tests. However, the behavior of SMA wires under recovery stress has not been seriously investigated. Thus, this study conducted a series of tests of NiTiNb martensitic SMA wires under recovery stress with varying degrees of prestrain on the wires and compared the behavior under recovery stress with that under prestressing of the wires. The remaining stress was reduced by the procedure of additional strain loading and unloading. More additional strains reduced more remaining stresses. When the SMA wires were heated up to the transformation temperature under prestress, the stress on the wires increased due to the state transformation. Furthermore, the stress decreased with a decreasing temperature of the wires down to room temperature. The stress of the NiTiNb wires was higher than the prestress, and the developed stress seemed to depend on the composition of the SMAs. When an additional strain was subsequently loaded and unloaded on the prestressed SMA wires, the remaining stress decreased. Finally, the remaining stress becomes zero when loading and unloading a specific large strain.