Physical and electrochemical properties of synthesized carbon nanotubes [CNTs] on a metal substrate by thermal chemical vapor deposition
1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, i-Cube Center, Engineering Research Institute (ERI), Gyeongsang National University, 900 Gajwa-dong, Jinju 660-701, South Korea
2 Department of Nanomaterials Engineering, College of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, Pusan National University, 50 Cheonghak-ri Samnangjin, Miryang-si, 627-706, South Korea
Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:61 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-61Published: 5 January 2012
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes were synthesized on a Ni/Au/Ti substrate using a thermal chemical vapor deposition process. A Ni layer was used as a catalyst, and an Au layer was applied as a barrier in order to prevent diffusion between Ni and Ti within the substrate during the growth of carbon nanotubes. The results showed that vertically aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes could be uniformly grown on the Ti substrate (i.e., metal substrate), thus indicating that the Au buffer layer effectively prevented interdiffusion of the catalyst and metal substrate. Synthesized carbon nanotubes on the Ti substrate have the diameter of about 80 to 120 nm and the length of about 5 to 10 μm. The Ti substrate, with carbon nanotubes, was prepared as an electrode for a lithium rechargeable battery, and its electrochemical properties were investigated. In a Li/CNT cell with carbon nanotubes on a 60-nm Au buffer layer, the first discharge capacity and discharge capacity after the 50th cycle were 210 and 80 μAh/cm2, respectively.