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Open Access Nano Express

Photoconductivity and photoluminescence under bias in GaInNAs/GaAs MQW p-i-n structures

Hagir M Khalil*, Ben Royall, Simone Mazzucato and Naci Balkan

Author Affiliations

School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, University of Essex, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, UK

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:539  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-539

Published: 28 September 2012

Abstract

The low temperature photoluminescence under bias (PLb) and the photoconductivity (PC) of a p-i-n GaInNAs/GaAs multiple quantum well sample have been investigated. Under optical excitation with photons of energy greater than the GaAs bandgap, PC and PLb results show a number of step-like increases when the sample is reverse biased. The nature of these steps, which depends upon the temperature, exciting wavelength and intensity and the number of quantum wells (QWs) in the device, is explained in terms of thermionic emission and negative charge accumulation due to the low confinement of holes in GaInNAs QWs. At high temperature, thermal escape from the wells becomes much more dominant and the steps smear out.

Keywords:
p-i-n diodes; GaInNAs/GaAs; Multiple quantum well; Dilute nitrides