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Open Access Nano Express

Observation of strain effect on the suspended graphene by polarized Raman spectroscopy

Cheng-Wen Huang1, Bing-Jie Lin1, Hsing-Ying Lin2, Chen-Han Huang2, Fu-Yu Shih3, Wei-Hua Wang3, Chih-Yi Liu14 and Hsiang-Chen Chui14*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Photonics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan

2 Center for Nano Bio-Detection, National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi 621, Taiwan

3 Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan

4 Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:533  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-533

Published: 26 September 2012

Abstract

We report the strain effect of suspended graphene prepared by micromechanical method. Under a fixed measurement orientation of scattered light, the position of the 2D peaks changes with incident polarization directions. This phenomenon is explained by a proposed mode in which the peak is effectively contributed by an unstrained and two uniaxial-strained sub-areas. The two axes are tensile strain. Compared to the unstrained sub-mode frequency of 2,672 cm−1, the tension causes a red shift. The 2D peak variation originates in that the three effective sub-modes correlate with the light polarization through different relations. We develop a method to quantitatively analyze the positions, intensities, and polarization dependences of the three sub-peaks. The analysis reflects the local strain, which changes with detected area of the graphene film. The measurement can be extended to detect the strain distribution of the film and, thus, is a promising technology on graphene characterization.

Keywords:
Graphene strain; Polarization Raman spectroscopy; suspended graphene; 78.67.Wj (optical properties of graphene); 74.25.nd (Raman and optical spectroscopy); 63.22.Rc (phonons in graphene)