Open Access Nano Express

An analysis of Hall mobility in as-grown and annealed n- and p-type modulation-doped GaInNAs/GaAs quantum wells

Fahrettin Sarcan1, Omer Donmez1, Mustafa Gunes1, Ayse Erol1*, Mehmet Cetin Arikan1, Janne Puustinen2 and Mircea Guina2

Author affiliations

1 Department of Physics, Science Faculty, Istanbul University, Vezneciler, Istanbul, 34134, Turkey

2 Optoelectronics Research Centre, Tampere University of Technology, Korkeakoulunkatu, Tampere, 33720, Finland

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:529  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-529

Published: 25 September 2012

Abstract

In this study, we investigate the effect of annealing and nitrogen amount on electronic transport properties in n- and p-type-doped Ga0.68In0.32NyAs1 − y/GaAs quantum well (QW) structures with y = 0%, 0.9%, 1.2%, 1.7%. The samples are thermal annealed at 700°C for 60 and 600 s, and Hall effect measurements have been performed between 10 and 300 K. Drastic decrease is observed in the electron mobility of n-type N-containing samples due to the possible N-induced scattering mechanisms and increasing effect mass of the alloy. The temperature dependence of electron mobility has an almost temperature insensitive characteristic, whereas for p-type samples hole mobility is decreased drastically at T > 120 K. As N concentration is increased, the hole mobility also increased as a reason of decreasing lattice mismatch. Screening effect of N-related alloy scattering over phonon scattering in n-type samples may be the reason of the temperature-insensitive electron mobility. At low temperature regime, hole mobility is higher than electron mobility by a factor of 3 to 4. However, at high temperatures (T > 120 K), the mobility of p-type samples is restricted by the scattering of the optical phonons. Because the valance band discontinuity is smaller compared to the conduction band, thermionic transport of holes from QW to the barrier material, GaAs, also contributes to the mobility at high temperatures that results in a decrease in mobility. The hole mobility results of as-grown samples do not show a systematic behavior, while annealed samples do, depending on N concentration. Thermal annealing does not show a significant improvement of electron mobility.

Keywords:
GaInNAs; Electronic transport; Thermal annealing; Modulation-doped quantum wells; 72.10-d; 72.20.Fr; 71.55.Eq.