Table 1

Some of the infectious diseases and QDs used to distinguish them
Authors Type of infectious diseases In vitro/in vivo Type of modified QDs
Tripp et al. [89] RSV In vitro/in vivo Antibody anti-F protein conjugated to QDs(CdTe)
Agrawal et al. [90] Individual molecules of genes, proteins, and virus particles In vivo QD-antibody color-coded NP probes and two-color co-localization imaging
Bentzen et al. [91] RSV In vivo Streptavidin-coated QDs conjugated to antibody anti-F and antibody anti-G
Dwarakanath et al. [92] S. typhimurium In vivo Antibody-QD and DNA aptamer-QD
E. coli
B. subtilis spores
Goldman et al. [93] Choleratoxin, ricin, shinga-like toxin1 and staphylococcal enterotoxin B In vitro Antibody-QD (CdSe/Zns)
Zhao et al. [94] Food-borne pathogenic E. coli O157:H7, S. typhimurium and S. flexneri QDanti-S. flexneri antibody,anti-E. coli antibody, anti-S. typhimurium antibody
Hahn et al. [95] Single cells of E.coli O157:H7 Streptavidin-coated QDs conjugated to antibody
Mukhopadhyay et al. [96] Detect E. coli at levels as low as 104 bacteria/ml of sample Mannose-conjugated QDs
Edgar et al. [97] Mycobacterium In vivo Streptavidin-coated QDs conjugated to phage
B. anthracis
Zhu et al. [98] C. parvum QD-conjugated antibodies
G. lamblia
Klostranec et al. [99] Biomarkers of the most globally prevalent blood-borne infectious diseases (i.e., hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV) with low sample volume QD-antibody
Gazouli et al. [100] Mycobacterium genus In vivo Specific DNA sequences combining QDs with magnetic beads [101,102]
Hahn et al. [95] Individual pathogenic E. coli O157:H7 in phosphate buffer saline solution Streptavidin-coated Qdots labeled by antibody selectively targeted pathogenic E. coli O157:H7
Su and Li [51] E. coli O157 In vivo Streptavidin-coated QDs conjugated to anti-E. coli O157 antibody
Yang and Li [52] E. coli O157∶H7 In vivo QDs with different sizes conjugated to anti-E. coli O157 and anti-Salmonella antibodies
S. typhimurium
The bead-cell complexes reacted with QD-antibody conjugates to form bead-cell-QD complexes

Other clinical therapeutic applications.

Valizadeh et al.

Valizadeh et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2012 7:480   doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-480

Open Data